Initial IMO Strategy on reduction of GHG emissions from ships includes, inter alia, a candidate short-term measure to encourage the development and update of national action plans to develop policies and strategies to address GHG emissions from international shipping in accordance with guidelines to be developed by the Organization, taking into account the need to avoid regional or unilateral measures.
It is widely recognized that national action plans may facilitate the implementation of IMO instruments in the national context and support the achievement of international commitments through complementary national action.
Thus, many Member States are already taking actions at national level to facilitate the reduction of GHG emissions from ships. On 20 November 2020, the Marine Environment Protection Committee adopted Resolution MEPC.327(75) to encourage Member States to develop and submit voluntary National Action Plans to address GHG emissions from ships (link to download). The Resolution suggests that National Action Plans could include (not limited to):
- improving domestic institutional and legislative arrangements for the effective implementation of existing IMO instruments;
- developing activities to further enhance the energy efficiency of ships;
- initiating research and advancing the uptake of alternative low-carbon and zero-carbon fuels;
- accelerating port emission reduction activities, consistent with resolution MEPC.323(74);
- fostering capacity-building, awareness-raising and regional cooperation; and
- facilitating the development of infrastructure for green shipping.
Submitted national action plans (NAPs)
Relevant national action plans and strategies submitted to the Secretariat are available for download below:
|Member State (alphabetical order)||Title of national action plan||Year of adoption||Link for download|
|India||Maritime India vision 2030||2021||
Maritime India vision 2030|
|Japan||Roadmap to Zero Emission from International Shipping||2020||
Roadmap to Zero Emission from International Shipping|
|Marshall Islands||The Micronesian Center for Sustainable Transport (MCST) Framework as RMI's national transport decarbonization strategy||2015||
More information on:
|Norway||The Government's action plan for green shipping||2019||The Government's action plan for green shipping.pdf|
|United Kingdom||Clean maritime plan: Maritime 2050 environment route map||2019||
Clean maritime plan|
More information on:
As part of its
Ship Emissions Toolkit, the IMO GloMEEP project has published a
Guide No.3: Development of a national ship emissions reduction strategy, aimed at supporting countries in developing a national ship emissions reduction strategy that can guide potential policy and investments options.
It should be noted that IMO, through its Integrated
Technical Cooperation Programme (ITCP), supports Member States in the formulation and development of
national maritime transport policies (NMTPs), thus strengthening the maritime capacities and contributing to the achievement of the UNSustainable Development Goals (SDGs).