Initial IMO Strategy on reduction of GHG emissions from ships includes, inter alia, a candidate short-term measure to encourage the development and update of national action plans to develop policies and strategies to address GHG emissions from international shipping in accordance with guidelines to be developed by the Organization, taking into account the need to avoid regional or unilateral measures.
It is widely recognized that national action plans may facilitate the implementation of IMO instruments in the national context and support the achievement of international commitments through complementary national action.
Thus, many Member States are already taking actions at national level to facilitate the reduction of GHG emissions from ships. On 20 November 2020, MEPC 75 adopted a Resolution to encourage Member States to develop and submit voluntary National Action Plans to address GHG emissions from ships, which was revised by MEPC 79 to include references to shipping routes to support decarbonization (Resolution 367(79)). The Resolution suggests that National Action Plans could include (not limited to):
- improving domestic institutional and legislative arrangements for the effective implementation of existing IMO instruments;
- developing activities to further enhance the energy efficiency of ships;
- initiating research and advancing the uptake of alternative low-carbon and zero-carbon fuels;
- encouraging the production and distribution of such fuels for shipping
- accelerating port emission reduction activities, consistent with resolution MEPC.323(74);
- fostering capacity-building, awareness-raising and regional cooperation; and
- facilitating the development of infrastructure for green shipping.
- facilitating voluntary cooperation through the whole value chain
Submitted National Action Plans (NAPs)
Relevant national action plans and strategies submitted to the Secretariat are available for download below:
|Member State (alphabetical order)||Title of National Action Plan||Year of adoption||Link for download|
|Finland||Government resolution on reducing greenhouse gas emissions from maritime and inland waterway transport||2021||Resolution on reducing GHG emissions from maritime and inland waterway transport|
|India||Maritime India vision 2030||2021||
Maritime India vision 2030|
|Japan||Roadmap to zero emission from international shipping||2020||
Roadmap to zero emission from international shipping|
|Marshall Islands||Rebbelib 2050: A Catalyst for Change - |
Marshall Islands national transport decarbonisation framework
|Norway||The Government's action plan for green shipping||2021|
|Update on the Norwegian National Action Plan.pdf|
The Government's action plan for green shipping
|Republic of Korea||Toward Green Shipping by 2050||2023||R.O.K National Action Plan - Toward Green Shipping by 2050|
|Singapore||Maritime Singapore Decarbonisation blueprint: Working towards 2050||2022||Maritime Singapore Decarbonisation Blueprint|
More information here
|United Kingdom||Clean maritime plan: Maritime 2050 environment route map||2019||
Clean maritime plan|
More information here
The IMO-Norway GreenVoyage2050 Project has published a Guide on the development of National Action Plans (NAPs) to address GHG emissions from ships. The guide provides information on the
crucial planning, development and implementation phases involved in the
creation of a NAP. With a step-by-step approach, the guide invites
policymakers to consider key questions for developing appropriate actions to address maritime GHG emissions, with additional recommendations for Small Islands Developing States (SIDS).
Prior to the adoption of Resolution MEPC.327(75) on NAPs, the GEF-UNDP-IMO GloMEEP project published as part of its
Ship Emissions Toolkit a
Guide No.3: Development of a national ship emissions reduction strategy, aimed at supporting countries in developing a national ship emissions reduction strategy that can guide potential policy and investment options.
It should be noted that IMO, through its Integrated
Technical Cooperation Programme (ITCP), supports Member States in the formulation and development of National Maritime Transport Policies (NMTPs), thus strengthening the maritime capacities and contributing to the achievement of the UNSustainable Development Goals (SDGs).