|||||Many developing countries cannot yet give full and complete effect to IMO’s instruments. For this reason and, as mandated by the Convention that created IMO, the Organization has established an Integrated Technical Cooperation Programme (ITCP), with the sole purpose of assisting countries in building up their human and institutional capacities for uniform and effective compliance with the Organization’s regulatory framework.|
By fostering capacity-building in the maritime sector, the ITCP is crucial for assisting developing countries to implement IMO instruments for safer and more secure shipping, enhanced environmental protection and facilitation of international maritime traffic. The importance of the ITCP increases further with amendments to existing and the development of new instruments by IMO, in which the particular needs of, and impact on, Small Island Developing States (SIDS) and Least Developed Countries (LDCs) are taken into account.
The table below illustrates how the ITCP contributes to sustainable and socio-economic development.
IMPROVING THE SAFETY, SECURITY, ENVIRONMENTAL SOUNDNESS AND EFFICIENCY OF MARITIME ACTIVITIES
well-run merchant and fishing fleets
improved turnaround of vessels and port throughput
increased global trade
improved balance of payments
reduced number of lives and ships lost at sea
ENHANCING MARINE ENVIRONMENT PROTECTION
cleaner waters and coasts
greater access to protein through improved fish catches
integrated coastal zone management
PROMOTING SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOODS AND POVERTY ERADICATION
- employment for seafarers in the global shipping and fisheries industries
- advancement of women in the maritime sector
- increased foreign exchange earnings
- consequent beneficial impact at local level, especially in coastal/fishing communities
Vision and Strategy of the ITCP
IMO’s technical cooperation programme began in the 1960s. During the late 1990s, IMO’s Technical Cooperation Committee (TCC) comprehensively reformed the technical cooperation work of the Organization in order to increase its effectiveness. The reform provided a policy framework for the preparation, design and implementation of the ITCP, covering the following key principles:
- ownership of the programme development and implementation process rests with the recipient countries themselves;
- IMO’s regulatory priorities are systematically integrated into the programme-building process;
- the ITCP promotes the development of human and institutional resources in the maritime sector, on a sustainable basis, including the advancement of women;
- the ITCP promotes regional collaboration and technical cooperation among developing countries;
- IMO builds partnerships with Governments, industry and international development aid agencies to ensure appropriate funding for the ITCP;
- IMO also seeks to mobilize regional expertise and resources for its technical assistance activities;
- the ITCP is coordinated with other development aid programmes in the maritime field in order to maximize the benefits of combined efforts and resources; and
- IMO ensures, through monitoring systems and impact assessment exercises, that programme targets are met and that lessons learned are transferred back to the programme-building process.
Assembly resolution A.1110(30), containing the Organization’s strategic plan for the six-year period 2018-2023, identifies the vision statement for IMO for these six years as:
1. IMO will uphold its leadership role as the global regulator of shipping, promote greater recognition of the sector's importance and enable the advancement of shipping, whilst addressing the challenges of continued developments in technology and world trade; and the need to meet the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
2. To achieve this, IMO will focus on review, development and implementation of and compliance with IMO instruments in its pursuit to proactively identify, analyse and address emerging issues and support Member States in their implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
Respond to climate change
4. Engage in ocean governance
5. Enhance global facilitation and security of international trade
6. Ensure regulatory effectiveness
7. Ensure organizational effectiveness
Technical cooperation links to all of these, but especially to strategic direction 1: Improve implementation.
Priorities for the Future
IMO’s Technical Cooperation Programme addresses the maritime needs of developing countries by focusing on three priorities that, together, can ensure sustainable maritime development, efficient and safe maritime transport services, as well as effective environmental protection.
|ADVOCACY OF GLOBAL MARITIME RULES AND STANDARDS ||International treaty instruments ratified, and implementing national legislation put in place|
|INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY-BUILDING||Public sector departments capable of ensuring the effective exercise of flag, port and coastal State jurisdiction|
|HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT|
Trained male and female experts to develop and manage national programmes for:
· maritime safety administration
· marine environment protection
· development of maritime legislation
· facilitation of maritime traffic
· technical port operations
· training of seafarers and shore-based personnel