The International Maritime Dangerous
Goods (IMDG) Code
International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea, 1974 (SOLAS), as
amended, deals with various aspects of maritime safety and contains in chapter
VII the mandatory provisions governing the carriage of dangerous goods in
packaged form. The carriage of dangerous
goods in packaged form shall comply with the relevant provisions of the International
Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG) Code which is considered and extension to the provisions
of SOLAS chapter VII.
the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships, 1973,
as modified by the Protocol of 1978 relating thereto (MARPOL), which contains
in its Annex III mandatory provisions for the prevention of pollution by
harmful substances carried by sea in packaged form, prohibits the carriage of
harmful substances in ships except in accordance with the provisions of MARPOL Annex
III, which are also extended in the IMDG Code.
IMDG Code was developed as an international code for the maritime transport of
dangerous goods in packaged form, in order to enhance and harmonize the safe
carriage of dangerous goods and to prevent pollution to the environment. The
Code sets out in detail the requirements applicable to each individual
substance, material or article, covering matters such as packing, container
traffic and stowage, with particular reference to the segregation of
Code, was initially adopted in 1965 as a recommendatory instrument. It was in 2002 that the general Assembly at
its seventeenth session adopted by resolution A.716(17) the IMDG Code, and
decides to give it a mandatory status under the umbrella of SOLAS Convention, from
1 January 2004. However, some parts of the Code remain recommendatory.
18.104.22.168 (Notification of infringements);
22.214.171.124 to 126.96.36.199 (Training);
1.4 (Security provisions) except 188.8.131.52, which is mandatory;
2.1.0 of chapter 2.1 (Class 1 – Explosives, Introductory notes);
2.3.3 of chapter 2.3 (Determination of flashpoint);
15 and 17 of the Dangerous Goods List in chapter 3.2;
segregation flow chart and example in the annex to chapter 7.2;
.8 section 5.4.5 of chapter 5.4 (Multimodal
Dangerous Goods Form), insofar as the layout of the form is concerned;
.9 chapter 7.8 (Special requirements in the
event of an incident and fire precautions involving dangerous goods);
.10 section 7.9.3 (Contact information for the
main designated national competent authorities); and
its introduction in 1965, the IMDG Code has undergone many changes, both in
appearance and content to keep pace with the ever-changing needs of industry. Amendments which do not affect the principles upon
which the Code is based may be adopted by the Maritime Safety Committee alone.
Thus IMO can respond to transport developments in reasonable time.
to the IMDG Code are made (E&T Group) on a two-year cycle, these are mainly originated
from two sources; proposals submitted directly to IMO by Member Governments and
amendments required to take account of changes to the United Nations Recommendations
on the Transport of Dangerous Goods which sets the basic requirements for all
the transport modes.