accelerations acting on a ship in a seaway result from a combination of
longitudinal, vertical and predominantly transverse motions. The forces created
by these accelerations give rise to the majority of securing problems. The
hazards arising from these forces should be dealt with by taking measures both
to ensure proper stowage and securing of cargoes on board and to reduce the
amplitude and frequency of ship motions.
this regard, the Assembly adopted the Code of Safe Practice for Cargo Stowage
and Securing (CSS Code) in November 1991 by
resolution A.714(17). The Assembly recommended that Governments implement the
Code at the earliest possible opportunity and requested the Maritime Safety
Committee to keep it under review and amend it as necessary. In this regard, the CSS Code has undergone subsequent changes through the years as follows: MSC/Circ.664; MSC/Circ.691; MSC/Circ.740; MSC/Circ.812; MSC/Circ.1026;
purpose of the CSS Code is to provide an international standard to promote the
safe stowage and securing of cargoes by:
drawing the attention of shipowners and ship operators to the
need to ensure that the ship is suitable for its intended purpose;
providing advice to ensure that the ship is equipped with proper
cargo securing means;
providing general advice concerning the proper stowage and
securing of cargoes to minimize the risks to the ship and personnel;
providing specific advice on those cargoes which are known to
create difficulties and hazards with regard to their stowage and securing;
advising on actions which may be taken in heavy sea conditions;
advising on actions which may be taken to remedy the effects of
providing such advice, it should be borne in mind that the Master is
responsible for the safe conduct of the voyage and the safety of the ship, its
crew and cargo.
cargoes should be stowed and secured in such a way that the ship and persons on
board are not put at risk.
safe stowage and securing of cargoes depend on proper planning, execution and
commissioned to tasks of cargo stowage and securing should be properly
qualified and experienced.
planning and supervising the stowage and securing of cargo should have a sound
practical knowledge of the application and content of the Cargo Securing
all cases, improper stowage and securing of cargo will be potentially hazardous
to the securing of other cargoes and to the ships itself.
taken for measures of stowage and securing cargo should be based on the most
severe weather conditions which may be expected by experience for the intended
decisions taken by the master, especially in bad weather conditions, should
take into account the type and stowage position of the cargo and the securing
For further information about the CSS Code, please send an email to firstname.lastname@example.org.