Skip Ribbon Commands
Skip to main content

Skip Navigation LinksLondonConvention London Convention

Skip Navigation LinksIMO / English / Our Work / Marine Environment / Special Programmes and Initiatives / London Convention

London Convention

Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution


The "Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter 1972" (the "London Convention") was one of the first global conventions to protect the marine environment from human activities and has been in force since 1975. Its objective is to promote the effective control of all sources of marine pollution and to take all practicable steps to prevent pollution of the sea by dumping of wastes. Currently, 86 States are Parties to this Convention.
In 1996, the "London Protocol" was adopted to modernize the Convention and, eventually, replace it. The London Protocol entered into force in March 2006 and currently has 38 Parties. Under the Protocol all dumping is prohibited, but Parties may issue permits to allow the dumping of the following specified materials, subject to certain conditions:
  1. dredged material;
  2. sewage sludge;
  3. fish wastes;
  4. vessels and platforms;
  5. inert, inorganic geological material (e.g., mining wastes);
  6. organic material of natural origin;
  7. bulky items primarily comprising iron, steel and concrete; and
  8. carbon dioxide streams from carbon dioxide capture processes for sequestration (CCS).

Information about the Convention and the Protocol can also be viewed in a Brochure (English French Spanish Arabic Chinese Russian) that contains details on what the London Convention is, what has been achieved, the potential benefits and cost of membership to the London Protocol, a shortlist of the current activities under the Convention and the Convention's relationship with other international agreements. This brochure is developed for outreach activities to promote membership to the London Protocol.

Official meeting documents are available for Parties to the London Convention and Protocol, IMO Member Governments, Intergovernmental agencies, and organisations in consultative status with the IMO or the Convention and/or Protocol.

PLEASE NOTE THAT ANY PASSWORDS USED FOR THE OLD LONDON CONVENTION WEBSITE ARE NOW NO LONGER VALID. All documents can be accessed by clicking the appropriate buttons on the right.

Note that this site is continously being updated and improved and may contain minor errors, if found - please notify the Office for the London Convention and Protocol.