MEPC 70 (October 2016) adopted mandatory MARPOL Annex VI requirements for ships to record and report their fuel oil consumption, by resolution MEPC.278(70).
Under the amendments, ships of 5,000 gross tonnage and above will be required to collect consumption data for each type of fuel oil they use, as well as other, additional, specified data including proxies for transport work. The aggregated data will be reported to the flag State after the end of each calendar year and the flag State, having determined that the data has been reported in accordance with the requirements, will issue a Statement of Compliance to the ship. Flag States will be required to subsequently transfer this data to an IMO Ship Fuel Oil Consumption Database. IMO will be required to produce an annual report to MEPC, summarizing the data collected.
In addition, on or before 31 December 2018, in the case of a ship of 5,000 gross tonnage and above, the Ship Energy Efficiency Management Plan (SEEMP) shall include a description of the methodology that will be used to collect the data and the processes that will be used to report the data to the ship's flag State.
In this regard, the following guidelines/circular were developed by MEPC:
- 2016 Guidelines for the development of a Ship Energy Efficiency Management Plan (SEEMP) (resolution MEPC.282(70));
- 2017 Guidelines for Administration verification of ship fuel oil consumption data (resolution MEPC.292(71));
- 2017 Guidelines for the development and management of the IMO Ship Fuel Oil Consumption Database (resolution MEPC.293(71)); and
- MEPC circular on Submission of data to the IMO data collection system of fuel oil consumption of ships from a State not party to MARPOL Annex VI (MEPC.1/Circ.871).
MEPC 67 (October 2014) agreed, in principle, to develop a data collection system for ships and, following deliberations in a working group, agreed on the general description of the data collection system for fuel consumption of ships, including its core elements as follows: data collection by ships, flag State functions in relation to data collection and establishment of a centralized database by the Organization.
MEPC 68 (May 2015) agreed that development of a data collection system for ships should progress and follow a three-step approach: data collection, data analysis, followed by decision-making on what further measures, if any, are required.