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Abate, R. S., A Tales of Two Carbon Sinks: Can Forest Carbon Management Serve as a Framework to Implement Ocean Iron fertilization as a Climate Change treaty Compliance Mechanism, 1 Seattle J. Int’l. Law 1 (2011). Available at:

Abelkop, A. D. K. & Carlson, J. C., Reining in Phaëthon’s Chariot: Principles for the Governance of Geoengineering, University of Iowa, College of Law, Legal Studies Research Paper No. 12-27 (Nov. 2012). Available at:

Banerjee, B., The Limitations of Geoengineering Governance in a World of Uncertainty, Sanford Journal of Law, Science & Policy, published online (May 2011). Available at:

Bankobeza, G. M. ,Ozone Protection: The International Legal Regime, Eleven International Publishing, Utrecht (2005). 

Barrett, S.,Geoengineering’s Governance, Written Statement prepared for the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Science and Technology Hearing on ‘Geoengineering III: Domestic and International Research Governance’ (2010), available at 

Bauer, S.,The Catalyst Conscience: UNEP’s Secretariat and the Quest for Effective International Environmental Governance, Global Governance Working Paper No 27, (2007), available:

Benedick, R. E., Considerations on Governance for Climate Remediation Technologies: Lessons from the “Ozone Hole,” Sanford Journal of Law, Science & Policy, published online (May 2011). Available at:

Bertram, C., Ocean Iron Fertilization in the Context of the Kyoto Protocol and the Post-Kyoto Process, Kiel Working Paper No. 1523 (2009). Available at:

Biermann, F., Pattberg, P., van Asselt, H., and Zelli, F.The Fragmentation of Global Governance Architectures: A Framework for Analysis, Global Environmental Politics 9 (4) (2009), pp. 14-40. Available at:

Bodansky,D., Governing Climate Engineering: Scenarios for Analysis. Harvard Project on Climate Agreements, Harvard Kennedy School (Discussion Paper 11-47) (2011). Available at:

Bodansky, D.,May We Engineer the Climate? Climatic Change 33 (1996), pp. 309-321. DOI: 10.1007/BF00142579

Bodansky,D., The Who, What, and Wherefore of Geoengineering Governance (2012). Available at:

Bodle, R., Climate Law and Geoengineering, in: Hollo, Erkki, Kati Kulovesi and Michael Mehling (eds.), Climate Change and the Law, Ius Gentium: Comparative Perspectives on Law and Justice 21, Dordrecht: Springer (2013), 447-470. DOI 10.1007/978-94-007-5440-9_17

Bodle, R., Geoengineering and International Law: The Search for Common Legal Ground, 46 Tulsa L. Rev. 305 (2012).

Bodle, R., with Homan, G., Schiele, S., and Tedsen, E., The Regulatory Framework for Climate-Related Geoengineering Relevant to the Convention on Biological Diversity. Part II of: Geoengineering in Relation to the Convention on Biological Diversity: Technical and Regulatory Matters. Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity. Montreal, Technical Series No. 66 (2012), available at

Bracmort, K., Lattanzio, R., Barbour., E. C.,Geoengineering: Governance and Technology Policy, Congressional Research Service Report for Congress, Prepared for Members and Committees of Congress (2011), available at US Department of State Website,

Carlarne, C. P., Arctic Dreams and Geoengineering Wishes: The Collateral Damage of Climate Change, 49 Columbia Journal of Transnational Law 602 (2011). Available at:

Corner, A & Pidgeon, N., Geoengineering the Climate: the Social and Ethical Implications, Environment: Science and Policy for Sustainable Development, 52:1, 24-37. Available at:

Davies, G., Framing the Social. Political, and Environmental Risks and Benefits of Geoengineering: Balancing the Hard-to-Imagine Against the Hard-to-Measure, 46 Tulsa L. Rev. 261 (2010).

Davies, G., Geoengineering the Climate: Science, Governance and Uncertainty, 1 Climate Law (2010). Available at:

Davies, G., Law and Policy Issues of Unilateral Geoengineering: Moving to a Managed World, Free University of Amsterdam, Working Paper Series (2009). Available at:

Dilling, L. & Hauser, R. (2013) Governing geoengineering research: why, when and how? Climatic Change December 2013, Volume 121, Issue 3, pp 553-565. doi:10.1007/s10584-013-0835-z Available at:

Eick, M., A Navigational System for Uncharted Waters: The London Convention and London Protocol’s Assessment Framework on Ocean Iron Fertilization, 46 Tulsa L. Rev. 351 (2010).

Freestone, D. & Rayfuse, R., Ocean Iron Fertilization and International Law, 364 Marine Ecology Progress Series 227-233 (2008). Available at:

Friedrich, J.,Carbon Capture Storage: A New Challenge for International Environmental Law, in Zeitschrift für ausländisches und öffentliches Recht und Völkerrecht 67 (2007), pp. 211-227.

Galaz, V., Geo-Engineering, Governance, and Social-Ecological Systems: Critical Issues and Joint Research Needs, 17 Ecology and Society 24 (2012). Available at:

Gardiner, S. M., Is “Arming the Future” with Geoengineering Really the Lesser Evil? Some Doubts about the Ethics of Intentionally Manipulating the Climate System, Climate Ethics: Essential Readings (Oxford 2010). Available at:

Gillespie, A., Climate change, ozone depletion and air pollution: legal commentaries within the context of science and policy, BRILL, Leiden/Boston (2005). 

Ginzky, H., Ocean Fertilization as Climate Change Mitigation Measure – Consideration Under International Law, 7 Journal for European Environmental & Planning Law 57 (2010). Available at:

Horton, J. B., Geoengineering and the Myth of Unilateralism: Pressures and Prospects for International Cooperation, Sanford Journal of Law, Science & Policy, published online (May 2011). Available at:


Kim, Jung-Eun. Implications of Current Developments in International Liability for the Practice of Marine Geo-engineering Activities. Asian Journal of International Law. Available at: CJO2013. doi:10.1017/S2044251313000283.

Leal-Arcas, R. & Filis-Yelaghotis, A., Geoengineering a Future for Humankind: Some Technical and Ethical Considerations, 2 Carbon and Climate L. Rev. 128 (2012). Available at:

Lin, A.C. Geoengineering Governance, Issues in Legal Scholarship: Vol. 8: Iss. 3 (Balancing the Risks: Managing Technology and Dangerous Climate Change), Article 2. Available at:

Lin, A. C. International Legal Regimes & Principles Relevant to Geoengineering. In W. C. G. Burns & A. Strauss (Eds.), Climate Change Geoengineering: Legal, Political and Philosophical Perspectives (pp. 328). (2013) Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Liu, J.The Role of ICAO in Regulating the Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Aircraft. Carbon and Climate Law Review (4), 417-431 (2011)

Markus, T. & Ginzky, H., Regulating Climate Engineering: Paradigmatic Aspects of the Regulation of Ocean Fertilization, 4 Carbon & Climate L. Rev. 477 (2011).

Michaelson, J., Geoengineering and Climate Management: From Marginality to Inevitability, 46 Tulsa L. Rev. 221 (2010).

Michaelson, J., Geoengineering: A Climate Change Manhattan Project, Stanford Environmental Law Journal 73 (1998), pp 73–140.

Morrow, D. R., Kopp, R. E. & Oppenheimer, M, Toward Ethical Norms and Institutions for Climate Engineering Research, 4 Environmental Research Letters 045106 (2002). Available at:

Parsons, E.A. & Ernst, L.N., Reaching International Cooperation on Climate Change Mitigation: International Governance of Climate Engineering, 14 Theoretical Inquiries in Law 37 (2013).

Parsons, E.A. and Keith, D. W., End the deadlock on governance of geoengineering research, Science (2013), pp. 1278-1279.

Parsons, Edward and Lia Ernst, International Governance of Climate Engineering, UCLA Public Law Series (2012), available at

Peterson, J. E., Can Algae Save Civilization? A Look at Technology, Law, and Policy Regarding Iron Fertilization of the Ocean to Counteract the Greenhouse Effect, 6 Colo. J. Int’l. L.& Pol’y. 61 (1995).

Proelß, A, and Güssow, K., Climate Engineering: Instrumente und Institutionen des internationalen Rechts, Study on behalf of the German Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung (2011), Available at

Rayner, Steve et al., Memorandum on Draft Principles for the Conduct of Geoengineering Research, House of Commons Science and Technology Committee Inquiry into The Regulation of Geoengineering. (2009), available at uk/ centres/ insist /Documents/regulation-of-geoengineering.pdf.

Rayner, Steve, Climate Geoengineering Governance, in Altner, G.; Leitschuh, H.; Michelsen, G.; Simonis, U. E.; von Weizsäcker, E. U. S. (Eds.), Die Klima-Manipulateure: Rettet uns Politik oder Geo-Engineering? Jahrbuch Ökologie 2011, Stuttgart (2010), pp. 51-64.

Reichwein, David and Thilo Wiertz, Geoengineering zwischen Klimapolitik und Völkerrecht: Status quo und Perspektiven, Technikfolgenabschätzung - Theorie und Praxis 19. 2 (2010), pp. 17-25.

[Various Authors], Five Perspectives on Geoengineering Governance, The Geoengineering Quarterly (Mar. 20, 2010). Available at:

Verlaan, P., Geoengineering, the Law of the Sea, and Climate Change, 4 Carbon and Climate L. Rev. 446 (2009).

Victor, D.G., On the Regulation of Geoengineering, 24 Oxford Rev. Econ. Pol. 322 (2008). Available at:

Virgoe, J. International Governance of a Possible Geoengineering Intervention to Combat Climate Change, 95 Climate Change 103 (2009). Available at:

Winter, G., Climate Engineering and International Law: Last Resort or the End of Humanity? 20 Review of European Community & International Environmental Law 277 (2011). Available at: