Entry into force: 2 October 1983
Details the discharge criteria and requirements for the prevention of
pollution by oil and oily substances. It maintains predominantly the oil
discharge criteria prescribed in the 1969 amendments to the 1954 Oil Pollution
Convention. Beside technical guidelines it contains the concept of "special
areas" which are considered to be vulnerable to pollution by oil. Discharges
of oil within them have been completely prohibited, with minor well-defined
Entry into force: 6 April 1987
Details the discharge criteria and measures for the control of pollution
by noxious liquid substances carried in bulk. It subdivides substances
into and contains detailed operational standards and procedures. Some
250 substances were evaluated and included in the list appended to the
London Convention. The discharge of their residues is allowed only to
reception facilities until certain concentrations and conditions (which
vary with the category of substances) are compiled with. In any case,
no discharge of residues containing noxious substances is permitted within
12 miles of the nearest land. More stringent restrictions apply to "special
Entry into force: 1 July 1992
Contains general requirements for the issuing of detailed standards on
packing, marking, labeling, documentation, stowage, quantity limitations,
exceptions and notifications for preventing pollution by harmful substances.
The Annex should be implemented through the International Maritime Dangerous
Goods (IMDG) Code, which has been amended to include marine pollutants.
The amendments entered into force on 1 January 1991.
Entry into force: 27 September 2003". Contains requirements
to control pollution of the sea by sewage from ships.
Entry into force: 31 December
This deals with different types
of garbage and specifies the distances from land and the manner in which
they may be disposed of. The requirements are much stricter in a number
of "special areas" but perhaps the most important feature of the Annex
is the complete ban imposed on the dumping into the sea of all forms of
Entry into force: 19 May 2005.
Contains requirements to control the air pollution from ships, including
the emission of ozone-depleting substances, Nitrogen Oxides (NOx), Sulphur
Oxides (SOx), Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) and shipboard incineration.
It also establishes requirements for reception facilities for wastes from
exhaust gas cleaning systems, fuel oil quality, for off-shore platforms
and drilling rigs and for the establishment of SOx Emission Control Areas
Revised: February 24, 2006.