Passenger information required on all passenger ships from 1 January 1999
From 1 January 1999, details of passengers on board ships, including name and gender and whether adult child or infant, must be recorded for search and rescue purposes.
The regulation is contained in Chapter III of the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS), 1974, one of the conventions of the International Maritime Organization (IMO), the United Nations agency responsible for the safety of shipping and the prevention of marine pollution.
The requirement to provide information on passengers was part of a package of amendments to SOLAS adopted in November 1995, based on proposals put forward by a Panel of Experts set up by IMO in December 1994 following the ro-ro ferry Estonia disaster of September 1994 in which more than 850 people were killed. The regulation on Information on passengers came into force on 1 July 1997, but the requirement to provide details of passengers takes effect from 1 January 1999.
Requirement for seafarers' training on passenger ships
Also on January 1, 1999, amendments to the revised International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers (STCW) and Code, concerning training for personnel on passenger ships, enter into force.
The amendments were adopted in June 1997 and concern STCW Chapter V: Special training requirements for personnel on certain types of ships, which includes requirements for the training and qualifications of personnel on board ro-ro passenger ships, introduced after the sinking of the ferry Estonia in September 1994.
Crews on ro-ro passenger ships already have to receive training in technical aspects and also in crowd and crisis management and human behaviour, and the amendments basically clarify these requirements and extend them to crew on all passenger ships.
The amendments include an additional Regulation V/3 on Mandatory minimum requirements for the training and qualifications of masters, officers, ratings and other personnel on passenger ships other than ro-ro passenger ships. Related additions are also made to the STCW Code, covering Crowd management training; Familiarization training; Safety training for personnel providing direct service to passengers in passenger spaces; Passenger safety; and Crisis management and human behaviour training.
Emergency towing arrangements for tankers required by 1 January 1999
By 1 January 1999, all tankers (including oil tankers, chemical tankers and gas carriers) of not less than 20,000 tonnes deadweight must have an emergency towing arrangement fitted at both ends.
The requirement, in Chapter II-1 of SOLAS, came into force for new ships from 1 January 1996. Ships built before 1 January 1996 had to have the emergency towing arrangement fitted at the first scheduled dry docking after 1 January 1996 but not later than 1 January 1999.
The aim of the regulation is to ensure a tanker involved in an incident can be easily towed.
Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS), 1974 , as amended
International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS), 1974, as amended
Construction - subdivision and stability, machinery and electrical installations
Emergency towing arrangements shall be fitted at both ends on board every tanker of not less than 20,000 tonnes deadweight, constructed on or after 1 January 1996. For tankers constructed before 1 January 1996, such an arrangement shall be fitted at the first scheduled dry-docking after 1 January 1996 but not later than 1 January 1999. The design and construction of the towing arrangements shall be approved by the Administration, based on the guidelines developed by the Organization.
(Note: This regulation was previously included in Chapter V of SOLAS before being moved to Chapter II-1 via amendments to SOLAS adopted in December 1996)
Amendments to the International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers, 1978, as amended
"or be required to provide evidence of having achieved the required standard of competence within the previous five years."
new regulation V/3 is added after existing regulation V/2:
Mandatory minimum requirements for the training and qualifications of masters, officers, ratings and other personnel on passenger ships other than ro-ro passenger ships