Proposed ship recycling instrument to be considered at IMO environment meeting
Environment Protection Committee (MEPC) - 54th session: 20-24 March 2006
Marine Environment Protection Committee (MEPC) of the International Maritime
Organization (IMO) will consider the first draft of a proposed new international
instrument on ship recycling when it meets for its 54th session from 20-24 March.
Other issues on the agenda include ballast water management and air pollution
from ships, while the Committee is also expected to adopt a number of amendments
to the MARPOL convention.
The MEPC is expected to consider the first draft of a mandatory instrument providing
globally applicable ship recycling regulations for international shipping and
for recycling activities. The aim is to complete the instrument in time for
its consideration and adoption in the 2008-2009 biennium.
Work on developing
the new instrument follows the adoption by the IMO Assembly in 2005 of resolution
A.981(24) New legally-binding instrument on Ship Recycling which requests
the MEPC to develop a new instrument that would provide regulations for:
design, construction, operation and preparation of ships so as to facilitate
safe and environmentally sound recycling, without compromising the safety
and operational efficiency of ships;
the operation of ship recycling facilities in a safe and environmentally
sound manner; and
establishment of an appropriate enforcement mechanism for ship recycling,
incorporating certification and reporting requirements.
MEPC will also consider the report of the second session of the Joint International
Labour Organization (ILO)/IMO/Basel Convention Working Group on Ship Scrapping
which met in December 2005 in Geneva.
Adoption of amendments to MARPOL
The MEPC will be invited to consider for adoption a number of amendments to
the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships, 1973,
as modified by the Protocol of 1978 relating thereto (MARPOL 73/78).
regulation on oil fuel tank protection
The draft amendment to the revised MARPOL Annex I (which was adopted in October
2004 with entry into force set for 1 January 2007) would include a new regulation
on oil fuel tank protection. The draft regulation is intended to apply to all
ships delivered on or after 1 August 2010 with an aggregate oil fuel capacity
of 600 m3and above. It includes requirements for the protected location of
the fuel tanks and performance standards for accidental oil fuel outflow. A
maximum capacity limit of 2,500 m3 per oil fuel tank is included in the draft
regulation, which also requires Administrations to consider general safety aspects,
including the need for maintenance and inspection of wing and double bottom
tanks or spaces, when approving the design and construction of ships in accordance
with the regulation. Consequential amendments to the IOPP Certificate will also
of heavy grade oil
A further amendment to the revised MARPOL Annex I relates to the definition
of "heavy grade oil" in regulation 21 on Prevention of oil pollution
from oil tankers carrying heavy grade oil as cargo, replacing the words
"fuel oils" with "oils, other than crude oils", thereby
broadening the scope of the regulation by including in the carriage ban on single
hull oil tankers other heavy grade oils whose carriage is permitted under the
The draft amendment to MARPOL Annex IV Prevention of pollution by sewage
from ships would add a new regulation 13 on Port State control on operational
requirements. The draft regulation states that a ship, when in a port of
another Party, is subject to inspection by officers duly authorized by such
Party concerning operational requirements under the Annex, where there are clear
grounds for believing that the master or crew are not familiar with essential
shipboard procedures relating to the prevention of pollution by sewage.
Harmful aquatic organisms in ballast water
The MEPC is expected to consider for adoption the Guidelines for approval
and oversight of prototype ballast water treatment technology programmes (G10),
which are part of a series of guidelines developed to assist in the implementation
of the International Convention for the Control and Management of Ships' Ballast
Water and Sediments (BWM Convention), which was adopted in February 2004.
is also expected to consider the outcome of the first session of the GESAMP1
Ballast Water Working Group on Active Substances, which met in January 2006
and was tasked with developing methodologies and information requirements for
conducting its work and reviewing proposals for the approval of Active Substances.
air pollution from ships
The MEPC is expected to establish a working group to consider issues relating
to the prevention of air pollution from ships, in particular follow-up action
to the IMO Policies and practices related to the reduction of greenhouse
gas emissions from ships (resolution A.963(23)).
by MEPC 53, the Sub-Committee on Bulk Liquids and Gases (BLG) will undertake
a review of MARPOL Annex VI and the NOx Technical Code with a view to revising
the regulations to take account of current technology and the need to further
reduce air pollution from ships. The outcome of this work will be reported to
the next session of the MEPC.
The MEPC will be invited to consider the report of the fourth meeting of the
OPRC HNS2 Technical Group to be held in the week prior to the Committee's session.
The Technical Group has on its agenda a number of items including the review
and/or finalization of the draft manual on oil spill risk evaluation and assessment
of response preparedness; the draft Guidance Document on Planning and Response
to Chemical Releases in the Marine Environment; the revised draft IMO/UNEP guidance
manual on the assessment and reinstatement of environmental damage following
marine oil spills; and the development of two introductory courses on preparedness
for and response to HNS incidents.
and Particularly Sensitive Sea Areas (PSSAs)
The MEPC is expected to establish a Technical Group to consider a proposal submitted
by South Africa for the designation of South Africa's southern continental shelf
waters as a Special Area under MARPOL Annex I, and to develop uniform formats
for the MEPC resolutions designating PSSAs and the Guidance Document for Submission
of PSSA Proposals to IMO.
1 GESAMP: IMO/FAO/UNESCO/IOC/WHO/IAEA/UN/UNEP Joint Group of
Experts on the Scientific Aspects of Marinte Environmental Protection.
2 International Convention on Oil Pollution Preparedness, Response
and Co-operation (OPRC Conventions) and the OPRC-HNS (Hazardous and Noxious Substances)
Briefing 07, 16 March 2006
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