IMO's technical co-operation activities are conceived and developed through partnerships for progress – between recipient countries, resource-providers and the Organization – which is based on three complementary factors:
- assessed needs of developing countries, and their full ownership and direction of the assistance process;
- interests of the resource-providers in supporting sustainable maritime development; and
- promotion of uniform implementation and enforcement of IMO’s rules and standards.
IMO’s technical assistance activities, such as needs assessment/advisory missions, national/regional seminars/workshops and long-term training courses, are delivered mostly through the Secretariat and through regional outreach mechanisms, such as:
- IMO experts stationed in the field, who provide advice to developing countries and implement the technical co-operation activities assigned to them;
- IMO’s regional presence in the field, in Africa, Asia and the Caribbean, which provides advice to developing countries and executes technical co-operation activities; and
- regional institutions and networks that, in partnership with IMO, co-ordinate and manage regional technical assistance programmes.
The IMO Secretariat also provides a programme implementation function where regional outreach mechanisms are not present, and when the activities have a global nature that applies to all developing regions. Furthermore, the Secretariat has put in place systems to ensure programme monitoring, evaluation and impact assessment. In this manner, IMO’s technical assistance activities can be adjusted to meet new challenges and lessons learned can then be assimilated for the future.