Working to improve regional capacity to counter-piracy by developing enhanced regional cooperation and coordination the PIU's work falls into the following categories: Training, Capacity Building, Legal, Information Sharing. These are known as the 4 Pillars.
The Secretary-General, in response to the initiative and offer of Japan, established, at the beginning of September 2009, under the Financial Regulations and Rules of IMO, the Djibouti Code of Conduct Trust Fund (the DCCTF). Subsequently around mid-September 2009, Japan transferred the amount of USD 13,595,184.00 to the bank account set up by the IMO for the purposes of the DCCTF. Denmark, France, the Marshall Islands, the Netherlands, Norway, the Republic of Korea and the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia have also contributed to the DCCTF.
The DCCTF is a multi-donor voluntary fund. Financial contributions may be made by Member States of the United Nations or the IMO, organizations, institutions or private individuals. Member States, intergovernmental organizations with whom the IMO has relations and non-governmental organizations with consultative status are also able to support the efforts of IMO by providing in-kind support. States in the region means Comoros, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, France, Jordan, Kenya, Madagascar, Maldives, Mauritius, Mozambique, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Seychelles, Somalia, South Africa, Sudan, the United Arab Emirates, the United Republic of Tanzania and Yemen.
The Fund remains open for donations to assist the IMO to counter piracy within the DCoC framework.