IMO has identified a number of bilateral technical projects to fit AIS and radars in States of the Western Indian Ocean. By identifying data and information sources IMO is able to capitalise on the existing infrastructure and fuse it through information sharing protocols and agreements to establish a regional ‘picture’.
This has just been achieved in cooperation with the Governments of the USA and the United Republic of Tanzania, and similar projects are in the process of negotiation.
Once a common picture is being shared it requires sea-going law-enforcement forces to use the information to detect and disrupt pirates, and protect friendly shipping. Thus a regional approach is required to benefit from this regional picture. IMO is doing background work with East African Brigade Maritime Force (EASBRIG MARFOR) to establish maritime security as a strategic objective under a single regional command structure.