The International Ship and Port Facility Security Code (ISPS Code) is a comprehensive set of measures to enhance the security of ships and port facilities, developed in response to the perceived threats to ships and port facilities in the wake of the 9/11 attacks in the United States. The ISPS Code was implemented in 2002 through chapter XI-2 "Special measures to enhance maritime security" in the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS).
Since then the Organization has developed significant guidance related to the SOLAS Chapter XI-2 and the ISPS Code.
Purpose of the Guide
In order to provide SOLAS Contracting Governments and industry practitioners responsible for implementing the ISPS code with a consolidated and up-to-date source of guidance material with appropriate linkages to other on-going IMO initiatives, the Maritime Safety Committee developed the IMO Guide to Maritime Security and the ISPS Code.
The purpose of the Guide is to assist States in promoting maritime security through development of the requisite legal framework, the associated administrative practices and procedures, and the necessary material, technical and human resources. It also aims to serve as an aid and reference for those engaged in delivering capacity-building activities in the field of maritime security.
The guide is primarily addressed to all Government officials, port facility employees and shipping company employees responsible for any security-related responsibility at port facilities in ports and on ships.
The guidance in the Guide is mainly drawn from IMO sources. In addition to Part B (non mandatory section) of the ISPS Code, they included a variety of resolutions, circulars and circulars letters. A full list is provided in appendix 1.2 - IMO Guidance material on Maritime Security Measures, 1986 - 2011. These documents are on the IMO's website and may be accessed on the Maritime and Security and Piracy page.
Other sources of guidance material include:
· Presentation at IMO regional and national workshops;
· Internet sites of Contracting Governments and their multilateral organizations;
· Information made available to the IMO by Contracting Governments on their organizational structures, practices and procedures: the guidance issued to their port facilities and shipping companies; and their implementation experience.