Please see the following in the Information Resources section:
Information Resources on the International Safety Management Code (ISM Code).
ISM Code study
Doctor Phil Anderson, immediate past president of the Nautical Institute, carried out a research into the "perceived conflict between the requirements under the ISM Code to produce a wide range of documents and reports as a part of its SMS (Safety Management System) to make ships safer and seas cleaner, on the one hand, and, on the other hand, the consequential production of potentially self incriminating evidence which could be used against those who produced that evidence: the ships master, or other seafarer - whose very livelihood and freedom are at stake - and the ship operator who will stand exposed to civil or criminal liabilities."
For further information on the research, please see the related link on ISM Code study.