The London Convention 1972 is an international treaty that limits the discharge of wastes that are generated on land and disposed of at sea. The 1996 Protocol is a separate agreement that modernized and updated the London Convention, following a detailed review that began in 1993. The 1996 Protocol entered into force 24 March 2006.
The Intergovernmental Conference on the Convention on the Dumping of Wastes at Sea held in London, 30 October-13 November 1972, adopted the Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution
by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter.
Origins of the London Convention- Historic events and documents leading to the 1972 adoption of the London Convention (contains full text of historical documents)
List of documents issued at the 1972 Conference and availability of languages
Intergovernmental Conference on the Convention on the Dumping of Wastes at Sea. London, 30 October-13 November 1972
Conference Documents in English, French, Spanish and Russian.
Report of the First Meeting of Contracting Parties London 20 September 1976 and reports of Consultative Meetings of Contracting Parties
For a comprehensive study of the Conference, see:Timagenis, Gregt J. International Control of Marine Pollution. Oceana Publications, 1980, chapter 6 Vol 1, pp. 171-289
London Dumping Convention
: The First Decade and Beyond. London, IMO, 1990 (attached to IMO Document LDC 13/INF.9 submitted at 13th meeting of contracting parties November 1990