In 1945, representatives of 50 countries met in San Francisco at the United Nations Conference on International Organization to draw up the United Nations Charter and the United Nations officially came into existence on 24 October 1945. The founders of the United Nations envisaged it as comprising not just one but a series of international organizations, each dealing with a different subject, some humanitarian, some technical. As a result, a number of specialized agencies were established and agencies which already existed were brought within the framework of the United Nations. In 1944 the International Civil Aviation Organization was founded. The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) were created in 1945, followed by the World Heath Organization (WHO) in 1947.
A conference in Geneva was convened in 1948 to consider the establishment of a new Organization to deal with international shipping, especially shipping safety. The conference ended with the adoption of the Convention for the Establishment of an Inter-Governmental Maritime Consultative Organization.
The UN and the Sea